Lecture #4.docx - Lecture#4 1 Shamanism 2 Geomancy 3...

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Lecture #4 1) Shamanism 2) Geomancy 3) Hyangga Native songs 4) Lyricism 5) Mudang Shaman 6) Regent 7) Kyongju Silla Capital Saeng Sa Ro un 생 사 로 운 Life Death Road Hide Women had great power in ancient communities but the three kingdoms and Silla they became more patriarchal and women lost status. 1. Women in Ancient Korea 2. Literary Traditions in Three kingdoms Korea 1.1 Traditional Beliefs 1.2 Women in the Royal Courts 1.3 Social System 2.1 Oral Literature 2.2 Literature in Chinese 2.3 Hyangga Shamanism - The native religion of Korea while Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism were imported from China - The symbols of worship in shamanism were related to ‘totemism’, which means that each tribe or clan had an animal protector (Tangun) Geomancy: the art or the science of a geographical location with good luck Female Shamans had three major functions: - Priestess who presided over national rituals: had political functions or healers of the death
- Healers of the sick - Diviners who foretold the future of individuals as well as the nation Mudang performing at a gut (Shin Yun-bok, Late choson) Buddhism - Buddhism was first introduced during the Koguryo Period around 372 CE - Buddhism became the state religions of the subsequent Silla and Koryo Dynasties - There was a certain degree of equality for women in Buddhist practices Women in Shamanism and Buddhism - The role of women was quite different in Shamanism and Buddhism - In Shamanism, women played a active leadership role while in Buddhism they

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