Introduction to Korean Culture LEC.docx - Week 2 September...

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Week 2: September 17th Introduction to Korean Culture Notes Places - 3 Kingdom: - Koguryo, Paekche, Silla (ups,kps Definition List - Unification of: Tang China : Unified Silla 668 ( 676 -> Tang ) - Parhe: Malgal, Khitan, former koguryo Nine Regional Military Command - Protectorate- general (eckert p 43) Social system - Bone rank system (by blood, social status): 1. Sacred Bone, 2. True Bone, 3. Head Rank - Hwabaek (eckert 34) (exclusive to Silla, political system, semi democratic society) Buddhism - Hwaom B (eckert 50-51) (higher ranking society buddhism) - Pure land B (simplified version of Buddhism meditation, prayer) - Chan/Zen/Seon - King is Buddha - Transmigration New Economic Group - Shantung Peninsula (China) - Silla quarters. (sub-group of Silla Koreans in society; like a Koreatown, only Silla) - Chang Po-Go New Power Group - Aristocrats. (These people having more power because they stayed from generation to generation) - Village Head - Temple/Monastery - Wangeon/ Wang Kon - Koryo 918-1392 ( New Korea Kingdom) Lectures Notes - “Silla was one of the 3 kingdoms that were unified by the alliance of silla and tang soldiers in the seventh century. - Silla and Tang soldiers fought each other for 8 years (Silla drove out Tang forces from Korean peninsula) - Silla was the first kingdom to rule over the whole Korean peninsula - After Silla was established as a whole Korea, Korean culture began - Because of the location between Japan and China, Korean usually get invasion from both of the countries. - Yellow sea and the east sea surrounds the korean and japanese peninsula - Lots of migration into Korea from Peninsula and Japan - Korean Peninsula 45 times smaller than Canada - South Korea 100 times smaller than Canada - South Korea 10 times smaller than Ontario
- North Korea 8 times smaller than Ontario - unification by the alliance of silla and tang soldiers - Parhae - Silla receive no treatment big influence on youth Notes from PowerPoint: - Core of the military organization - modern - day Military academy - Membership - sons of aristocratic families - Engaged in ritual songs, moals music and visited famous mountains - Teaching combined- Confucianism, buddhism, and taoism - About 30 hwarang, best known is Kim Yu-shin - Contribution to unification. Five commandmentsAnthropology page 26- 31 - Buddhist teachings of life and Confucian virtues of loyalty, filial piety and faithfulness - Patriotism - To serve ones parents with filial piety - To be faithful to one's friends - Not to retreat in battle - Not to kill indiscriminately Social System: Silla (similar to indian caste system) I. Bone Ranks (Kolpum) - Sacred bone = hollowed bone (Songgol) (orange) - Royal family of Kim clan - Colour- GOLD Each colour represents for each system! Hwabaek system (advisory council of elders) ( erkert pages 34 ) - Decision had to be unanimous - Membership - capital aristocrats only - Important national affairs were decided by this Hwaback - Monarchy has less power compare to koguryo and paekche - *Semi-democratic decision making system* - King of Silla was chosen from the rulers and can only marry based on the social system but it comes to an end.

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