Connor McCarthyCOR20202/10/2020Estelle v. GambleEstelle v. Gamble moved the Court’s Eighth Amendment jurisprudence forward by finding thatdeliberate indifference to a prisoner’s suffering can constitute cruel and unusual punishment.In sodoing, the Court also established the appropriate standard for 1983 claims in the prison context.Thestandard must be “deliberate indifference” so that ordinary medical malpractice is not found as aconstitutional violation.Respondent Gamble, a prisoner, brought a civil rights action, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against theprison medical staff and other prison officials, alleging that he was subjected to cruel and unusualpunishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment.His allegations stem from the fact that he was doingprison work when a large bale of cotton fell on him.Gamble tried to continue work, but soon realizedhis back injuries were serious. Over the next few months, Gamble was treated multiple times by multiplemedical personnel, yet his injuries persisted.
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United States Declaration of Independence,Supreme Court of the United States,Universal health care,Respondent Gamble