Psych 101 Nov 15

Psych 101 Nov 15 - Psych 101 Obsessive-compulsive disorder o One year prevalence 2 o 1:1 ratio of women to men o Obsessions intrusive repetitive

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Psych 101 Nov 15, 2006 Obsessive-compulsive disorder o One year prevalence: 2% o 1:1 ratio of women to men o Obsessions: intrusive, repetitive, unwanted thoughts -induce anxiety o Compulsions: repetitive behaviors -often designed to undo or ward off fears triggered by obsessions -reduce anxiety for a short time o Explaining Anxiety - cognitive perspective - learning perspective - biological perspective o Cognitive perspective - Aaron beck and Albert Ellis - Irrational assumptions and beliefs increase vulnerability to anxiety and increase duration and intensity of anxiety o Studies have shown that anxious people: - have exaggerated beliefs about the dangerousness of situations - pay close attention to bodily symptoms - misinterpret bodily sensations - believe they should have complete control over anxiety - are fearful of the symptoms of anxiety: “fear of fear” o The learning perspective - Classical conditioning - Stimulus generalization - Negative reinforcement of avoidance behavior - Observation learning o Biological perspective - genes - Physiology
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor M during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Psych 101 Nov 15 - Psych 101 Obsessive-compulsive disorder o One year prevalence 2 o 1:1 ratio of women to men o Obsessions intrusive repetitive

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