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review answers - Review 1 The key difference between...

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Review 1. The key difference between federalists and anti-federalists was that federalists were supporters of the new constitution and central government of the US. Many of these men were from owners of substantial property. Anti-federalists on the other hand were supporters of the state government and giving less power to the central government. They were made up mostly of small farmers from more isolated rural areas. 2. The Articles of Confederation were created to balance the need for national coordination of the war of Independence with widespread fear that centralized political power posed a danger to liberty. The thirteen states were able to retain their sovereignty, freedom, and independence from the central government. Also, the national government consisted of a one house congress, in which each state had only one vote. There was no president to enforce the laws and no judiciary to interpret them. Major decisions were required to have the approval of nine states instead of a simple majority. The only powers the national government actually had were declaring war, conducting foreign affairs, and making treaties with other governments. Basically, the Articles made the national government very weak and the states a lot more powerful. 3. Some key principles of the Bill of Rights were freedom of speech, religion, and press, and the right to assemble for the people. People were given the right to keep and bear arms in conjunction with a well-regulated militia. Also, abuses such as arrests without warrants, forcing a person accused of a crime to testify against them self and reaffirmed the right to trail by jury were also prohibited in favor of the people. Any other rights not mentioned in the constitution were retained by the people too. 4. Some of the major developments in Jefferson’s presidency were he reduced the number of government employees and slashed the army and navy. He abolished all taxes except the tariff, and paid off part of the national debt. He aimed to minimize federal power and eliminate government oversight of the economy. Jefferson also helped establish judicial review which is when the Supreme Court
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIST 152 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '07 term at ASU.

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review answers - Review 1 The key difference between...

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