Scientific Writing and Communication Angelika H. Hofmann Please note your changes in either Bold or Red text . Chapter 2: Individual Words 2-1 Precise Words: Find the nonspecific terms in the following sentences. Replace the nonspecific choices with more precise terms or phrases. You don’t need to change the sentence structure. Guess or invent something if you have to. a) The current heart rate was greatly affected when temperature was increased. b) Only some of the region under study exhibits larger reddening. c) Succulent plants were kept in the cold for 10 hours overnight . d) Researchers observed weaker emissions apart from the main band. Apart from the discussed main band, weaker emissions were observed. 2-2 Simple Words: Improve the word choice in the following examples by replacing the underlined terms or phrases with simpler word choices. Do not change the sentence structure, just change the words. a) These data support our hypothesis. b) The differences in our results compared to those of Reuter et al. (1995) are reproducible. c) While examining cell migration, we dissected mouse brains. d) For example, branching ratios differ substantially. 2-3 Commonly Confused/Misused Words: Consider the pairs of confused and misused word choices provided for the following sentences. Be sure you understand the difference in word choice. Fill in the correct words. a) That, which Fish that live in caves show many adaptations to living in darkness. The value of the standard electrode potential is zero, which forms the basis for calculating cell potentials. b) Like, as Plasmids were isolated as described by Beates (17). Carbon dioxide, neon, helium, methane, krypton, and hydrogen are gaseous components of dry air, like argon. c) Effect, affect (I misuse these.) Nutrition concentration was the most important factor effecting population size. Ozone causes cellular damage inside leaves that adversely affect plant production. d) Include, consist of Her research interests consist of all areas of social and developmental psychology. Components of Hyperion’s crust include solid H 2 O and CO 2 .
2-4 Redundancies and Jargon: Edit the phrases shown; change any redundancies to a shorter and better expression. a) Absolutely essential b) A large number of c) In the event that If d) For the purpose of To e) In order to To f) Despite the fact that 2-5 Redundancies and Jargon: Improve the word choice of the underlined words in the following examples by removing any redundancies, jargon, and unnecessary words and phrases. Do not change the sentence structure. a) The effect of temperature on conductivity was examined and did not change dramatically. b) The data of the analysis on cell cycle parameters are in Fig. 1. They have revealed that the cell cycle is controlled by factor X.
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