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University of Massachusetts Amherst [email protected] Amherst Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014 1978 Army rule in Pakistan : a case study of a military regime. Marguerite Maude Riley University of Massachusetts Amherst Follow this and additional works at: This thesis is brought to you for free and open access by [email protected] Amherst. It has been accepted for inclusion in Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014 by an authorized administrator of [email protected] Amherst. For more information, please contact [email protected] . Riley, Marguerite Maude, "Army rule in Pakistan : a case study of a military regime." (1978). Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014 . 2534. Retrieved from
ARMY RULE IN PAKISTAN; A CASE STUDY OF A MILITARY REGIME A Thesis Presented By Marguerite Maude Riley Submitted to the Graduate School of the University of Massachusetts in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August 1978 Political Science
ARMY RULE IN PAKISTAN: A CASE STUDY OF A MILITARY REGIME A Thesis Presented By Marguerite Maude Riley Approved as to style and content by: Prof. Anwar Syed ( Chairman of Committee) Prof. Glen Gordon (Head of Department! Prof. Michael Ford uviemoerT August 1978
FOR MY MOTHER
iv ACKNOWLEDGMENT My d66p6S"t gra. 1^11:11(16 is sxisndsd io Profsssor Anwar Syed, Chairman of my thesis committee. I gratefully acknowledge his confidence, concern, enthusiam, and general support which were invaluable. I can never express my gratitude for his efforts on my behalf. A special word of gratitude is owed to the other member of my committee Professor Michael Ford. I wish to express my sincere appreciation for his invaluable suggestions, understanding, and encouragement. In addition to my committee I extend my appreciation to Professor John H. Fenton for his invaluable guidance and personal support. Special thanks go to my family and friends whose warm encouragement and support have been, as always, indispensible . Financial assistance in the form of a Teaching Assistantship from the department has been gratefully acknowledged
LIST OF TABLES TABLE I DEFENSE EXPENDITURE 1958-1962 48 TABLE II DEFENSE EXPENDITURE I 962 -I 97 O 49 TABLE III U.S. GOVERNMENT GRANTS AND CREDITS TO PAKISTAN 51 TABLE IV EAST PAKISTANI REPRESENTATION IN DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF THE ARMED FORCES 1964 54 TABLE V PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION I 965 RESULT 99 TABLE VI PARTY POSITION IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 100 TABLE VII DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM IN THE FOURTH FIVE_ YEAR PIAN 135
vi TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE i APPROVAL ii ACKNOVJLEDGEMENT iii PREFACE iv LIST OF TABLES x CHAPTER I THE MILITARY AND THE NEVJ NATIONS Introduction (a) The State of the Literature 4 (h) Definition of Major Concepts 12 (c) Variables Explaining the Coup d'etat 15 (d) Political Perspectives of The Military 19 (e) The Positive and Negative Qualities of the Military as an agent of modernization 23 (f) Political Takeover 2?

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