Final Review 2

Final Review 2 - Simmel Social Differentiation Modern...

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Simmel Social Differentiation Modern societies more complex Simmel’s first sociological publishing 1890 Concerned with Form Heredity character of criminals Protested preservation of the weak What is Society? What should sociologists focus on? Interaction occurs w/enough frequency and intensity people affect each other Sociologists should begin by distinguishing form and content Form and Content Focus on processes (form) while ignoring goals and purposes (content) Web of Group Affiliations Analysis of patterns of group participation Degree of social differentiation Consequences of Differentiation Role Conflict o Group membership places competing demands on people o Multiple Obligations o Positive feature in modern society Intra-Group Conflict Competition within group Common personal qualities, threat to existence, legitimate opponents Inter-Group Conflict Centralization within each group increases Increase in social solidarity, decrease in tolerance for deviance
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Final Review 2 - Simmel Social Differentiation Modern...

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