Sociology 313 Test 1 - Sociology 313 Test #1 Matching:...

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Sociology 313 Test #1 Matching: Locher: Sees collective behavior as non-normative. He is associated with the Sociology of Deviance. He believes that collective behavior is an event in which a large group of people engage in unusual behavior. Park: Focuses on Contagion Theory. Bases his theory on emergent interaction. He argues that people engage in “intense interaction’ during periods of stress and disorder. Through emergent interaction, individuals are more actively attuned to each other that they normally would be. Their behavior is social because their thoughts and behavior are influenced by the actions of every other member of the crowd. Believes crowd members behave the same because they lose their ability to think clearly and rationally mindlessly imitate other crowd members. Members behave in any behaviors that make them feel united dancing, jumping, speaking in tongues, rolling around, etc. McPhail & Wohlstein: Believe that collective behavior occurs when two or more people engage in one or more behaviors that can be judged to be common or convergent on one or more dimensions. Turner & Killian: Believe collective behaviors are those forms of social behaviors in which unusual conventions (unusual norms or role expectations) cease to guide social action. In addition people collectively transcend established patterns of social behavior. Believe a group of people find themselves in a situation where normal roles are not working (tension is generated by not being able to properly enact roles). Collective behavior will happen when people feel they cannot disengage from the interaction. They then use normal interactive processes to try and navigate the interaction and through this new norms emerge (new norms outside what is acceptable). Smelser: He argues that collective behavior is a reaction to social conditions and circumstances that lead to unusual behavior. He views collective behavior as episodes of group behavior that relieve some social strain. Participants are rational and sane. They may be fully aware of what they are doing and may be doing so for reasons that seem perfectly logical according to the generalized belief accepted by those within the situation. The behavior only looks irrational to outsiders who do not accept the generalized belief (value added theory). The collective behavior is driven by strain. Miller and Dollard: Aggressive or violent behavior is driven by excessive frustration. Expanded on the Social and Learning Theory. Their Learning Theory also assumed that people arrived at the scene of collective behavior with certain tendencies were ready in place. They argued that these tendencies were learned, rather innate. Prior responses to carious situations had taught people to behave in certain ways under similar circumstances. Once people with similar interests began to pay attention to the same cues, they were likely to engage in similar behaviors in response. Believe crowd behavior is nothing more than common responses to stimuli. Committed: ego-involved.
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Sociology 313 Test 1 - Sociology 313 Test #1 Matching:...

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