west civ test 1

West civ test 1 - 1 Western Civilization 1 Professor Christopher Gennari Test 1 2 The Ancient Egyptians Geography played a key role in the

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1 Western Civilization 1 Professor Christopher Gennari February 27, 2008 Test 1
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2 The Ancient Egyptians Geography played a key role in the development of Egyptian civilization. Egyptian civilization thrived because of the Nile River. “In a bout 6000 B.C. the prevailing Atlantic rains shifted, changing great grassy plains into desert and forcing people to move closer to the Nile to use its waters” (textbook, pg. 17). Many parts of Egyptian civilization revolved around the Nile, but two key examples were literacy and economy, both of which would have failed without the Nile’s presence. Without the Nile’s existence, the Egyptian civilization never would have grown into the great empire it is known for today. Egyptian economy depended mainly if not solely on the Nile river. The Egyptians did not use money as a form of currency, rather crops instead. Although the harsh desert in which Egypt laid was not suitable for growing crops, the land around the Nile River was, allowing the Egyptians to plant and grow crops in an area otherwise unsuitable. The Nile conveniently overflowed its banks once a year and by doing so it deposited silt, making the land extremely fertile and suitable for growing crops. Crops were vital to the prosperity of the Egyptian civilization; they feed the people, were given to the Pharaoh as a form of taxes, and were used to trade, bringing wealth to the Egyptians. The Nile River not only helped to produce the crops for the Egyptians, but gave them a way to trade them as well. “The river flowed north, encouraging traffic in that direction, but the prevailing winds blew from north to south, helping ships to sail against the current” (textbook, pg. 17). With great trade came great power. The Egyptians ability to trade was key to gaining wealth. The wealth brought into the civilization was used to help strengthen Egypt. Over time as their trade grew, so did their power. The Nile allowed them to grow into a strong civilization that was able to conquer many other weaker nations, bringing in even greater riches and allowing
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3 Egypt to prosper for as long as they did. Economy was not the only aspect of Egyptian civilization that prospered from the Nile River, but literacy as well. Around 3000 B.C. Egyptians developed a system of writing called hieroglyphs. Hieroglyphs were a system of writing using symbols that were often carved into stone. The system of hieroglyphs was very time consuming and as a result Egyptians developed two other languages that were easier to use and took up less time. The two new languages, Hieratic and Demotic, were unlike hieroglyphs because they were used on an Egyptian form of paper, not carved into stone. The form of paper the Egyptians used was called papyrus and was made out of the papyrus reeds that grew in the Nile delta. The papyrus plant played a key role in the development and growth of literacy in ancient Egyptian times. Hieroglyphs, which were used on stone, were used primarily for religious purposes and therefore only mainly used by religious
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIS 111 taught by Professor Genari during the Spring '08 term at Camden County.

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West civ test 1 - 1 Western Civilization 1 Professor Christopher Gennari Test 1 2 The Ancient Egyptians Geography played a key role in the

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