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PSYCHOLOGY NOTES

PSYCHOLOGY NOTES - GROUP ACTIVITY EXAMPLE OF CLASSICAL...

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GROUP ACTIVITY: EXAMPLE OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING -unconditioned stimulus and an unconditioned response (hint: the response does not have to be learned) -think of a neutral stimulus to be conditioned stimulus (CS) -CS UCS UCR -CS---------- CR INSTRUMENTAL OR OPERANT CONDITIONING -Behavior is controlled by its consequences. HISTORY: -Edward Thorndike studied animals’ “TRIAL-AND-ERROR LEARNING” -Thorndike’s “LAW OF EFFECT” rewarded behavior is likely to recur ------formed the basis for “INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING” -B.F.Skinner extended Thorndike’s work; used the term “operant conditioning” MECHANISMS OF OPERANT CONDITIONING -acquisition -reinforcement and punishment -extinction -generalization -discrimination -your fags ACQUISITION -shaping a new behavior ------method of a successive approximation Reinforcement -positive reinforcement ----response allows us to obtain something desirable ----should increase the probability of the response in the future NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT --response allows us to avoid something aversive --should increase the probability of the response in the future
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