13 South Africa

13 South Africa - SOUTH AFRICA European (Colonial)...

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SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA
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European (Colonial) Settlement TWO STREAMS: Dutch (Boers, later Afrikaners ) -- from mid- 17th century English -- from 1820
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South African Population by Group Blacks 76.1% Whites 12.8 % Coloureds 8.5% Indians/Asians 2.6% Total Population= approx. 40 million
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South African Economic Structure Historical Phases I. to late 19 th century: Subsistence Agriculture both European settler and African II. 1870 to WWII: Industrialization-- Mining gold predominates capital accumulation via low wage economy III. 1950 to 1965- industrial maturation manufacturing import substitution- consumer goods heavily import dependent (producer goods) high levels of foreign investment
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SOUTH AFRICAN CAPITAL ACCUMULATION Direct and Indirect Labor Repression 1.Land Segregation a.Native Lands Act of 1913 land reserved for whites = 87% land reserved for Africans= 13% overpopulation of "native (African) reserves” plentiful supply of cheap African labor 3.African labor union organization and strikes made illegal
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Evolution of
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13 South Africa - SOUTH AFRICA European (Colonial)...

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