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08 American Poltical Culture

08 American Poltical Culture - American Political Culture...

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American Political Culture American Political Culture
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TWO TYPES OF LIBERALISM CLASSICAL (19th Century) LIBERALISM historical roots in the revolt against feudalism NEW DEAL LIBERALISM historical roots in the Great Depression and Roosevelt presidency
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Core Values of Political Culture FEUDALISM CORPORATISM HIERARCHY ORDER (state regulation) LIBERALISM INDIVIDUALISM EQUALITY COMPETITION (liberty)
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Contrasting Ideologies Classical Liberalism: American (New Deal) Liberalism: >opposed to government intervention in economy and society >favors using government to soften the harshness of market economy (capitalism) >opposed to government intervention in individual thought and personal (private) behavior
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Contrasting Ideologies Contrasting Ideologies American Conservatism >hostile to government intervention in economy and society (similar to classical liberalism) >favors using government to shape individual's thought and behavior (differs from classical liberalism)
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Industrialization and Political Culture Feudalism Bourgeois Revolution Liberalism Working Class Revolution Socialism egalitarianism collectivism
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Tenets of Lockian Liberalism 1. SOCIETY OF ATOMIZED INDIVIDUALS 1. INDIVIDUAL COMPETITION 1. SANCTITY OF PRIVATE PROPERTY 1. EGALITARIAN ETHIC a. opportunity not outcomes 1. REJECTION OF COLLECTIVE ACTION a. Minimal Government
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(a fundamental belief in the virtue of minimal government) American Political Credo American Political Credo: "The Government is best that Governs least"
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