Impacts of Climate Change on Crop Production in Goro GutuWoreda, East Hararghe, Ethiopia Dire Dawa UniversityCollege of Business and EconomicsDepartment of EconomicsA Seniror Essay Submitted to the Department of Economics in Partial Fulfillment of theRequirement of Bachelor of Art Degree (BA) in EconomicsBY: MURTI AHMEDADVISOR: MULUGETA B. (M.Sc.)January 2020Dire Dawa, EthiopiaI
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTFirst and above all, I praise ALLAH, the almighty for providing me with the strength toaccomplish this study and for all the blessings in my life. My heartfelt thanks and sincere appreciation are extended to my advisor MULUGETA B.(M.Sc.) for his encouragement, support and continual guidance and understandings throughoutthe research work.Finally, I express my gratefulness for all members of my family for their moral and financialsupport and to all others who directly or indirectly contributed to the successful completion ofthe study.II
ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to examine the impacts of climate change on the crop production inthe Goro Gutu Woreda, East Hararghe Zone. Specifically, to assess the trends of climate changesand crop production, to examine the effects of climate change on the crop production, and toidentify the factors that influence farmer’s perception to climate change and adaptation measuresin Goro Gutu Woreda. Both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analytical techniqueswas employed. Both primary and secondary data sources were used in the study. The primarydata sources were questionnaire, interview and discussion while secondary data sources weregovernment documents and Metrological data. Accordingly, 100 household respondents wereselected from the total of 22,789 populations. A two stage sampling procedure was used to selectsample households in the first stage. Climate change directly affects agricultural production, asagriculture is inherently sensitive to climate conditions and is one of the most vulnerable sectorsto the risks and impacts of global climate change. The most common adaptation options include:soil and water conservation (SWC), increase irrigation, drought resistant crops and earlymaturing varieties, crop rotation, using traditional variety of crop, increase of cultivated land, useof agro-forestry (Tree plantation), different crop varieties, intercropping and the farming to non-farming as adoption measures to the climatic change in the study area. An increase in summertemperature had a negative effect on productivity, and it caused an average loss of 6 quintals forthe sample households. The logistic regression data result indicates , sex, age, educational status,access to extension, farm experience and extra income, sex, farm land size, access to credit,access to information has a positive and negative impact on perception and adaptation to climatechange impact. Finally, it recommends the government should increase the integration betweeninstitutions and also with the communities and should increase meteorological station,infrastructures, and make climate information available to local community.