MURTI NEW.docx - Impacts of Climate Change on Crop...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 57 pages.

Impacts of Climate Change on Crop Production in Goro Gutu Woreda, East Hararghe, Ethiopia Dire Dawa University College of Business and Economics Department of Economics A Seniror Essay Submitted to the Department of Economics in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement of Bachelor of Art Degree (BA) in Economics BY: MURTI AHMED ADVISOR: MULUGETA B. (M.Sc.) January 2020 Dire Dawa, Ethiopia I
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First and above all, I praise ALLAH, the almighty for providing me with the strength to accomplish this study and for all the blessings in my life. My heartfelt thanks and sincere appreciation are extended to my advisor MULUGETA B. (M.Sc.) for his encouragement, support and continual guidance and understandings throughout the research work. Finally, I express my gratefulness for all members of my family for their moral and financial support and to all others who directly or indirectly contributed to the successful completion of the study. II
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to examine the impacts of climate change on the crop production in the Goro Gutu Woreda, East Hararghe Zone. Specifically, to assess the trends of climate changes and crop production, to examine the effects of climate change on the crop production, and to identify the factors that influence farmer’s perception to climate change and adaptation measures in Goro Gutu Woreda. Both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analytical techniques was employed. Both primary and secondary data sources were used in the study. The primary data sources were questionnaire, interview and discussion while secondary data sources were government documents and Metrological data. Accordingly, 100 household respondents were selected from the total of 22,789 populations. A two stage sampling procedure was used to select sample households in the first stage. Climate change directly affects agricultural production, as agriculture is inherently sensitive to climate conditions and is one of the most vulnerable sectors to the risks and impacts of global climate change. The most common adaptation options include: soil and water conservation (SWC), increase irrigation, drought resistant crops and early maturing varieties, crop rotation, using traditional variety of crop, increase of cultivated land, use of agro-forestry (Tree plantation), different crop varieties, intercropping and the farming to non- farming as adoption measures to the climatic change in the study area. An increase in summer temperature had a negative effect on productivity, and it caused an average loss of 6 quintals for the sample households. The logistic regression data result indicates , sex, age, educational status, access to extension, farm experience and extra income, sex, farm land size, access to credit, access to information has a positive and negative impact on perception and adaptation to climate change impact. Finally, it recommends the government should increase the integration between institutions and also with the communities and should increase meteorological station, infrastructures, and make climate information available to local community.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture