history notes1.docx - -History of Interior Design 2019...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 12 pages.

The preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 12 pages.
--History of Interior DesignSpring2019Lecture 1: Ancient Mesopotamian I Persia I Egyptian I African DesignSlide 2Geography & Society: Egypt (Links northeast Africa with the Middle East)Mesopotamia (Modern day Iraq between the Tigris & Euphrates River)Slide 3Recorded a “pictographic writing” 3600 B.C.Cuneiform-earliest system of writingSlide 4Mesopotamian CultureSeveral groups dominatedTigris and Euphrates River ValleysCity Walls for defenseSumerian 3500 BCSlide 5Sumerian Astrology Tablet….dev. zodiac signBabylonians (2169-1926BC)Astronomers that valued astrology.Technological advancementsThe Hanging Gardens. One of the Seven Wonders of the World.Supported by side by side arches known as an arcade.There is no absolute proof that this structure existed or where it was located.Mesopotamian Inspired StructureMost buildings were constructed of adobe brick – no matter the use or culture
Architecture was not resistant to weathering and most that was uncovered werethe foundations and lower wall sections.Mesopotamian InteriorsA.Floors was often compressed earth. Stone floors were used in more opulentdwellings.B.The ceiling were timber framed and mud-covered.The Construction of the ArchNorthern Mesopotamia – VoussoirsIndigenous stone was more plentiful – the true arch was developed (employed awedge shaped stone known as voussoirs)Keystone is the wedge-shaped unit at the apex of an arch. The piece that makesthe arch self-supporting.Mesopotamian FurnitureLittle of the furnishings survived so we must rely on illustrations.Ishtar GateWalls surrounded cities with access through gates flanked by towersOne of the few remaining examples of Babylonian architecture.Urban planningZiggurat at URCity and people were there to serve the godsZigguratsEarly adobe structures deteriorated and others were built on the remainsresulting in the ziggurat or stepped tower.Original height 75 feet with a base 200’ x 150’.Modern Day Interpretation of ZigguratInverted Ziggurat at the Guggenheim by Frank Lloyd Wright
Palace of KhorsabadAssyrians developed the concept of the palace built by wealthy citizens androyalty.Built on hills to emphasize statusA.Walls plasteredB.Stone slabs with relief carvings formed a dadoC. FrescoesD.Other materials used include cypress, cedar, alabaster or marble.The Persian Empire (559BC-1600AD)A series of empires that ruled what is now Iran for a thousand years.Mesopotamia is the Achaemenid architecture based on columnsEgypt(3500-1100BC)Geography & The ClassesAncient Egypt consisted only of the land along the Nile and the area that flooded.Natural borders with the Mediterranean to the North and the dessert.Slide 23The geography and environment pressed the need for the rise of an engineeringand craftsmen class. With the annual flooding of the Nile the need for hydraulicengineering came about. The craftsmen & workers needed to execute the plan.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 12 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Glen Ricci

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture