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Cajarop, Lance C.Cardines, RyanNavarra, Ryka Elaine D.Obando, Elaine Lorenze S.BSED SOCIAL STUDIES 2-1Written Report in Philippine HistoryCustoms and Traditions of Tagalogsby: Fray Juan de PlacenciaI. Background of the AuthorFr. Juan de PlasenciaFray Juan was born to the illustrious family of the Portocarreros in Plasencia inthe region of Extremadura, Spain in the early 16th century. His father, Don PedroPortocarrero, was a captain of a Spanish schooner, who died in Naples, Italy in1574Juan de Plasencia died in Liliw, Laguna in 1590. He is believed to have arrived to the Philippines in 1578, after a stopover inMexico. As soon as he arrived, he joined forces with another missionary, Fray Diego deOropesa, and they both started preaching around Laguna de Bay and Tayabas, Quezon,in Quezon Province, where he founded several towns.During the following years they are also credited with the foundation of a largenumber of towns in the provinces of Bulacan, Laguna and Rizal, such as Tayabas,Caliraya, Lucban, Mahjayjay, Nagcarlan, Lilio(Liliw), Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil,Siniloan, Morong, Antipolo, Taytay, and Meycauayan.As a friar, Juan de Plasencia lived up to his pledge, leading a lifestyle devoid ofany luxury and in constant contact with the people he was trying to convert toChristianity. He was also known to be a defender of the native population, looking afterthe poor, ill, or neglected, and standing up for their rights on numerous occasions.He was also very keen on creating primary schools, and requested officialsanction for the creation of educational centers where "Filipinos could not only learn
Christian doctrine, but also reading and writing, and some arts and crafts, so they wouldbecome after, not only good Christians but also useful citizens", an initiative that wasapproved by Domingo de Salazar, the first Bishop of the See of Manila (1512–1594).Converted natives, taught catechisms, and organized towns and barangays in the Philippines.Promoted the understanding of both the Spanish language among the natives, and the local languages among the missionaries, to facilitate the task of spreading Christianity.Initiated the Reduccion Policy - Policy to reduce or resettle natives in central locationsSome of his works aimed to put an end to some injustices being committed against the natives by certain government officials.Born in the 16th century to the illustrious family of the Portocarreros in Plasencia in the region of Extremadura, Spain.His real name is Joan de Puerto Carrero, del convento de Villanueva de la SerenaHe was a Spanish Friar of the Franciscan order.II. Historical Context of the DocumentIt was written on the year 1589 during the Spanish Colonial Period. Afterreceiving the Lordship’s letter, Plasencia wished to reply immediately; but he postponedhis answer in order that he might first thoroughly inform himself in regard to People’srequest, and to avoid discussing the conflicting reports of the Indians.