KU LEUVENFACULTEIT SOCIALE WETENSCHAPPENMASTER OF SCIENCE IN DE SOCIOLOGIEPre-marital sexuality in CasablancaA qualitative research on the perceptions of pre-marital sexuality and virginity among highly educated women aged 20 – 25 in Casablanca, MoroccoPromotor : Prof. Dr. K. MatthijsMASTERPROEFVerslaggever : Ine Van Hoyweghen aangeboden tot het verkrijgen van de graad van Master of Science in de SociologieAssessor: Paul PuschmanndoorCaitlin CHANDLERacademiejaar 2016 – 2017
1Abstract:This thesis concerns a qualitative research with the aim of getting an insight in the experiences, perceptions and visions of pre-marital sexual behavior, the hymen and virginity of highly educated girls from a middle or upper class background who live in Casablanca, Morocco. Moreover, how this specific group of women perceive and deal with sexual taboos in present-day Morocco. Theory on the second demographic transition and sexual revolution sheds a different light on former research that has been conducted.Fourteen semi-structured face-to-face interviews have been conducted for this thesis with girls in the age range of 19 – 27.In many of the households, sexuality is still a taboo. Some respondents have pre-marital sexual relations before marriage during which some of them lose their hymen. There seems to have been a shift within this group of highly educated girls in Casablanca from ‘waiting until marriage’ to ‘waiting for the right guy to lose your virginity to’. Since there is still very few sex education in Morocco, girls use mainly the internet as a source to have their questions answered about sex. Some also talk to other female friends who might be more experienced to learn about sexuality and to share experiences. Because most girls do not find virginity that important, many would not consider having a hymen reconstruction. Many respondents perceive the sexual restrictions imposed on them to be quite unfair and perceive them as sexist.
2Contents:1.Acknowledgementsp. 32.Introduction and problem definitionp. 43.Research questionsp. 84.Literature review4.1 Sexuality in Moroccan culture and religionp. 94.2 Pre-marital sexuality in Casablancap. 114.3 Sex education in Moroccop. 145.Theoretical framework5.1 The second demographic transition in Moroccop. 165.2 Sexual revolution in the West versus the Eastp. 196.Methodology6.1 Research typep. 216.2 Selection of respondentsp. 226.3 Entrance pointsp. 246.4 Interviewsp. 256.5 Interview questionsp. 276.6 Instrumentsp. 297.Findings:7.1 Family7.1.1 Family backgroundp. 307.1.2Talking about dating within the familyp. 317.1.3Talking about sexuality within the familyp. 327.1.4Patriarchy within the householdp. 347.2 Moroccan culture and religion7.2.1Societal expectations versus individual wishesp. 357.2.2Generational differencesp. 377.3 Dating and relationships7.3.1 Dating experiences and partner choicep. 387.3.2Future plans and marriagep. 407.4 Virginity and sexuality7.4.1 Describing (female) virginityp. 417.4.2 The importance of virginityp. 427.4.3 Losing virginityp. 457.4.4