Second Mid-Term Exam
Ancient Near East
sections listed on Syllabus for Feb. 19; you are responsible for following
described there. Avoid penalty points for not signing Rollbook at test. Also avoid penalty points for
on Essay, or for printing your name any way other than LAST name first – on all
FOUR parts of test,
bottom of back page of
(each incorrect time costs a point).
All toponyms on map(s) of Part 1 appear on maps in chapters 6-9 of Text or were emphasized
in class. Spellings below generally follow Text, though system used there is inconsistent. Learn
location, date, and importance (as applicable) of each item, to be well prepared. Essay clues in class.
Adad-Guppi - Daughter of Assurbanipal II, lived 98 yrs.
Ahhiyawa - Believed to be Achaens, Greeks of Homeric era
Akhenaton - before his sixth year, was a Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt,
especially notable for attempting to single-handedly restructure the Egyptian religion to
monotheistically worship the Aten. Although there are doubts as to how successful he was at
this, it was the first attempt at monotheism the world had seen. His reign was from 1351 BC–
1334 BC. Akhenaten's chief wife was Nefertiti,
Amenhotep III - ruled Egypt from June 1391 BC-December 1353 BC. Son of Thutmose IV
by Mutemwia, a minor wife of Amenhotep's father who was not the latter's chief royal wife.
Ammon - mmon was one of the many non-Greek gods sometimes identified with Zeus. An
Egyptian god associated with the city of Thebes, he had an oracle in Libya whose reputation
was on a par with those at Delphi and Dodona. Ammon is the Greek rendering of Amun.
Amurru - An Akkadian mountain god and a god of nomads. He is equated with the Sumerian
god Martu. His consort is Beletseri.
Ankhesenamun - third of six known daughters of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and his
Great Royal Wife Nefertiti. Wife of Tutankhaten, tried to maintain the throne after his death.
Asshurnasirpal II - king of Assyria from 884 BC-859 BC.
Ashur-nasir-pal II succeeded his father, Tukulti-Ninurta II, in 884 BC. He conquered
Mesopotamia and the territory of what is now the Lebanon, adding them to the growing
Assyrian empire. He was also a shrewd administrator who realised that he could gain greater
control over his empire by installing Assyrian governors rather than by depending on local
client rulers paying tribute.
An Egyptian god of the sun, regarded during the reign of Akhenaton as the only god.
and in opposition to the Amon-Re priesthood of Thebes, built the city of Akhetaton as the
center for Aton's worship, but Aton's religion is poorly understood. After Akhenaton's death,
the old religion was restored.
Black Obelisk - the most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, and is historically