Notes for Psychology 211

Notes for Psychology 211 - Notes for Psychology 211 Week 1:...

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Notes for Psychology 211 Week 1: 09/11/07 Age 7: - This video can be used to distinguish between classes, race, and education. Some children were fortunate (Lucy, Kate, Alexis), while others were not (Louis, Leroy). Some people were completely able to see the differences in the world (Leroy). This movie can also tie into ways parents can affect their children’s outlooks on life. o 3 girls (Lucy, Kate, Alexis) – expensive schools, well off, have very unique views of the world, and what it means to be poor o Louis – lower east side of New York, lives with Dad, and then Mom, has a lot of dreams and goals, thinks little of money o Leroy and Keneisha – Chicago, live in projects, witness a lot of gang activity and shootings, play on porch o Edde – rural Georgia with grand parents, young black girl, sheltered o Joey – Jehovah’s witness, likes animals, has a lot of goals o Vikki, Douglas, Mike – Suburbs of Chicago, polish, family oriented, catholic school o Eric – the little genius kid with all the computer games, and his games are his friends o Ashton – Nebraska o Michael – mixed race, California o Celina – Asian descent, California o Julio – doesn’t speak English - Child Development Reading (Davies and Douglas, 2004) – The innate characteristics that a person/child have make them unique and show how different they are in certain situations. The course of development seems inevitable and the experiences provided by ones family help to shape things and develop a child’s mind in terms of social context. These both talk about development and how others should understand it. Parents should foster and encourage development but they should also be able to recognize the many stages of development. Toddlers play in relation to exploring reality. As they grow, they formulate plans and then take the necessary steps to execute the plans. This is totally indicative of the learning process. During growth, toddlers want to share the experiences that they have and from there, language emerges. o Development is the outcome of transactions between the child and her environment. o How and whether development may be affected by increased risk or opportunity depends on the timing of external factors in relation to current developmental tasks Toddler development summary of tasks: Balance need to be with parents and exploration Play emerges developing ability to symbolize through mental representation
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Have egocentric view combines with need to feel autonomous which limits ability to acknowledge others intentions Reciprocity emerges in play, under standing of social expecations Preschool age (3-6) Development of play as a vehicle for exploring reality Make transition from view of world based on egocentric and magical thinking to a more logical and reality-based view Social, verbal, prosocial interaction develop Play tends to be imaginative, distinction between real and pretend Play provides opportunities for practicing emerging cognitive
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYCH 211 taught by Professor Gsi during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Notes for Psychology 211 - Notes for Psychology 211 Week 1:...

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