SIR FRANCIS DRAKE.docx - Sir Francis Drake and the Sea Dogs Name Sir Francis Drake was the most famous of the sea captains who roved the oceans during

SIR FRANCIS DRAKE.docx - Sir Francis Drake and the Sea Dogs...

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Sir Francis Drake was the most famous of the sea captains who roved the oceans during the rule of Queen Elizabeth I. The Queen encouraged the “Sea Dogs” as the captains were called, to raid Spanish shipping. She gave them money and ships for such voyages, and she shared in the treasure they brought back. Drake lived in the great age of piracy and became one of the most feared pirates of his time. In 1580, he and his crew became the first Englishmen to sail around the world. EARLY LIFE Francis Drake was born around 1540, near Plymouth in Devonshire. In 1549, his family moved to Rochester, a busy seaport, and it was here that his passion for the sea was cultivated. As a youth, Drake sailed on short commercial voyages along the French coast. From 1566 to 1569, he sailed on two slave- trading voyages organized by his cousin Sir John Hawkins. These voyages gave Drake valuable sailing experience. In 1567, Drake commanded the Judith on Hawkins’ second expedition. On the return trip, the ships stopped at the Mexican port of San Juan de Ulua, near Veracruz, where they were attacked by a fleet of Spanish ships. Only the Judith and Hawkins’ ship, the Minion , escaped. Drake’s passionate hate for the Spanish had been sparked. From 1570-1572, Queen Elizabeth sent Drake on looting missions to the West Indies. In 1572, he seized several Spanish ships off the coast of Panama. He then captured the port of Nombre de Dios, near Colon, looted the town, and ambushed a mule train carrying Peruvian silver across the Isthmus of Panama. From then on, the Spaniards called him El Draque (the dragon). And, by the time he returned to England in 1577 he was both rich and famous. VOYAGES AROUND THE WORLD On December 13, 1577, Drake and more than 160 men sailed from Plymouth aboard the Pelican, the Elizabeth, and the Marigold. Two smaller ships, the Swan and the Benedict, carried supplies.

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