PSY505+-+Week+5+–+phenomenological+theory+(2017+-+Student+version).pptx

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PSY 505 Personality TheoryInstructor: Dr. Alasdair M. Goodwill[email protected]WEEK 5 – PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY & ROGERIAN PSYCHOLOGY
AIMSChapter 5What is the SelfCan human motivation be looked at in terms of personal growth, self-actualization, and feelings of congruenceHow important is a stable self-conceptWhat are the childhood conditions that produce a positive sense of self-worth????
CHAPTER 5: PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY & ROGERIAN PSYCHOLOGYCarl Rogers (1902-1987)AmericanGrew up in a religious and ethical atmosphereAgriculture theology clinical psychologyBegan career as a therapist (child)Based theory on therapeutic experience (like Freud)Formed Center for the Studies of the PersonPresident of APA (1946-1947)Distinguished Scientific Contribution AwardMost ‘influential’ psychologist of 20thCentury
CHAPTER 5: PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY & ROGERIAN PSYCHOLOGYCarl Rogers (1902-1987)Person-Centered TherapyRogers personal thoughts:Do not act like something I am notValue in understanding othersExperience is keyPeople move in positive directionsLife is dynamic – not deterministic
CHAPTER 5: PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY & ROGERIAN PSYCHOLOGYFreud:Controlled by unconscious forcesPersonality is determined, and fixed, by experiences in early life (Deterministic)Our adult experiences are simply repeats of unresolved early conflictsRogers:1.Phenomenological– Emphasises conscious perceptions of the present Subjectivity of experience2.Congruence– thoughts and feelings match experienceFeelings of authenticity3.Positivity of Human Motivation– people are generally good, positive and seek growth“Humanistic”
ROGERS VIEW OF THE PERSONSUBJECTIVITY OF EXPERIENCEThe “reality” each of us observes is uniqueIt is a “private world of experience… the phenomenal fieldPhenomenological– how the consciousperson experiences the worldOur perceptions of the world are subjectiveThe ‘reality’ we see is constructed of the ‘real’ outer world and our ‘inner’world of personal needs, goals and beliefsInner psychological needs shape the subjectiveexperiences that we interpret as objectivelyrealA person with low self-esteem may attribute a failure to internal causes rather than external causes (i.e., interpretation bias the experience)We commonly fail to recognize the influenceof our personal thoughts/needs on our own perception of the outside world
ROGERS VIEW OF THE PERSONFEELINGS OF AUTHENTICITYPeople are prone to a distinctive form of psychological stress – called “incongruence”It is the feeling that one’s experiences does not align with one’s true selfWe don’t feel “authenticThe individual may thinkbut not feelan attachment to their valuesExample: you get in a fight with a friend and cut off all communication with themInitially, it may feel good and alleviates the stress of the situation, but soon you begin to feel bad about the argument, realise you may have also been in the wrongSo we call our friend and make up and we immediately feel a lot betterincongruencecongruence

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