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2_Nature_Culture - Outline Understanding human nature...

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Outline Understanding human nature Animals Social animals Cultural animals Advantages of culture
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Understanding Human Nature How do we understand human nature? What are people all about? Why do people think, feel, and act as they do? To understand something, it helps to know what it was made for. What does it do? So…what was the human mind designed to do?
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Nature vs. culture as competing explanations is the old way of thinking Is someone born that way, or learned? Examples…. Geniuses Criminals Great athletes Homosexuals Leaders Understanding Human Nature
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Explaining People with Culture How you were brought up What you learned Parents, siblings, teachers, peers, media Some say that culture can shape people in widely different ways Doesn’t easily explain what is similar about humans everywhere Understanding Human Nature
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Explaining People with Nature Born a certain way Evolved from other animals, retaining their traits Survival and reproduction dictate behavior Desire food, safety, sex, pleasure, reproduction Doesn’t easily explain what is different about humans (vs. other animals) Understanding Human Nature
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Cultural Animal Perspective People were made by nature for culture Instead of nature against culture, nature made people precisely for culture Nature and culture influenced each other in shaping the human mind Understanding Human Nature
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