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Serway_PSE_quick_ch21

Serway_PSE_quick_ch21 - Physics for Scientists and...

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 6e Chapter 21 – The Kinetic Theory of Gases
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Two containers hold an ideal gas at the same temperature and pressure. Both containers hold the same type of gas but container B has twice the volume of container A. The average translational kinetic energy per molecule in container B is 1 2 3 4 25% 25% 25% 25% 1 2 3 4 5 1. twice that for container A 2. the same as that for container A 3. half that for container A 4. impossible to determine
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The average translational kinetic energy per molecule is a function only of temperature.
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Two containers hold an ideal gas at the same temperature and pressure. Both containers hold the same type of gas but container B has twice the volume of container A. The internal energy of the gas in container B is 1 2 3 4 25% 25% 25% 25% 1 2 3 4 5 1. twice that for container A 2. the same as that for container A 3. half that for container A 4. impossible to determine
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Because there are twice as many molecules and the temperature of both containers is the same, the total energy in B is twice that in A.
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