Lecture 8 - Biology 301 Biology Infectious Disease...

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Unformatted text preview: Biology 301 Biology Infectious Disease & Society Picture 4 Infectious Disease -Public Health Law- Assertion Assertion #1 (less controversial) - “Law defines the jurisdiction of health officials health and the manner in which they may exercise their authority.” their Infectious Disease -Public Health LawQuestion #1 Who are these “health officials” and what is their authority? National Level – CDC, US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) State Level – State Departments of Health 1. 2. Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law Assertion Assertion #2 (more controversial)- “[Public Health] law…is used to establish norms for healthy behavior and help to create the for social conditions in which people can be healthy.” healthy Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law Question Question #2 – What are “norms for healthy behavior” concerning infectious disease? behavior” Question Question #3 - What are “social conditions in which people can be healthy”? Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law Antithetical What Question #2 – What is unhealthy behavior with respect to infectious disease? law would you put in place to prevent, penalize, and/or control this example? Antithetical What Question #3 – What is a social condition in which people are unhealthy? law would you put in place to prevent, penalize, and/or control this example? Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health LawAssertion #3 – “The essential job of public Assertion health agencies is to identify what makes us healthy and what makes us sick…to make us encounter a minimum of the former and a maximum of the latter” former Assertion #4 - “The practice of public health Assertion entails judgments that challenge deeply ingrained social attitudes and practices” ingrained Infectious Disease -Public Health Law- Federal government laws regarding quarantine a Infectious Disease -Public Health LawWhile there are no mandatory screening laws in place for US citizens. Foreign visitors (aliens) are subject, by law, to a CDC designed system of screening for infectious diseases. infectious CDC Alien Screening System Infectious Disease -Public Health LawOne of the most comprehensive guides to Public Health Law can be found here: Public Health Law Website Infectious Disease -Public Health Law- Federal Codes Public Health -Infectious / Communicable Diseases- Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law§ 22.1-272. Contagious and infectious diseases. Persons suffering with contagious or infectious disease shall be excluded from the public schools while in that condition. (Code 1950, § 22-249; 1968, c. 445; 1970, c. 526; 1973, c. 491; 1974, c. 160; 1977, c. 220; 1979, c. 262; 1980, c. 559.) Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law- VA State Code authorizing Isolation & Quarantin VA State Code regarding the expenses of Isolat Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law- Mandatory Immunizations Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health LawWhat diseases can be treated / prevented through the use of vaccines? CDC List of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law1. 2. “There are no legally mandated vaccinations for adults, except for persons entering military service.” “Some employers require certain immunizations for those employees who work with people who are sick or vulnerable to disease, or those who handle or are exposed to dangerous substances, such as certain bacteria or viruses.” http://www.hhs.gov/nvpo/law.htm#12. Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law1. 2. “Each state has immunization requirements, sometimes called "school laws," that must be met before a child may enter school” “Under new immigration laws passed in 1996 and in effect as of July 1, 1997, all individuals seeking permanent entry into the U.S. must prove that they have been inoculated against all vaccine-preventable diseases. This includes infants and children being brought into the country for international adoption” http://www.hhs.gov/nvpo/law.htm#12. Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law- VA law concerning immunizations for K-12 Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law- Required Immunizations for GMU Students Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health LawCDC Immunization Schedule for Children (0-6 CDC Immunization Schedule for Adolescents (7 CDC Immunization Schedule for Adults (19+ ye Infectious Disease Infectious -Public Health Law- Project #3 ...
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