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Chapter 2_web - PSY 322 Sources of Info Case studies...

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January 14, 2010 PSY 322
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Sources of Info Case studies Self-report data Observational data
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Research designs a Important considerations
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Research designs Correlational Observational NO CAUSAL CONCLUSIONS Pearson’s r : -1 to +1 Sign Strength
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Experimental designs Often difficult to implement for many abnormal psychology research questions
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Quasi experimental designs
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Additional design issues Retrospective vs. Prospective Human vs. Analogue (e.g., animal) studies Single case designs vs. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) Efficacy Effectiveness
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Historical Views Trephining Earliest attempt to treat mental disorders a Exorcism Possession, evil spirits, demonology as source of mental illness predominated
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Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.) Mental disorders have natural causes like physical diseases a Mental disorders originate from the brain pathology Head injuries could lead to sensory & motor disorders a Importance of heredity & predisposition a Clinical observations, more scientific practice a Classification a Dreams
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