UGS303_Note03 - ItalianNeorealism :PostWWIIfilmmovement

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Italian Neorealism : Post WWII film movement : Reaction against Facism Background : Before WWI, Italian Film is one of the world’s dominant cinemas Silent Italian Spectacles Benito Mussolini and Fascist takes controls  : He establishes 1. Centro Sperimentale (Italian film school) in 1935 2. Cinecitta (“Cinema city”) studios in Rome in 1937 11.03.09 Cesare Zavattini : Neorealist theorist and screenwriters Zavattini’s Neorealist Aesthetic : See Electronic Reserves 1. Commitment to realism A) Anti-professional actors B) Anti-studio shooting (Real location) C) Anti- plot (imagine) D) Contemporary stories 2. Humanistic human centered  A) ..? needs to cover all people B) Sub: ordinary people 3. Rejection of the Hollywood ending A) Against Hollywood end. B) Hollywood got three standards.     ( , 8 L  ∙ “ *) Plot Points (= Transitions) : End act : Escalate stakes : Imply complication  : Propels action into next act : Asks a Question that next act Answers. EX) His Girl Friday Plot Pont #1 (23 ) : Her first major decision. Plot Point #2 (60 ) : She is back on the job because the Williams show up and she can’t  resist great story. Climax (90 ) : After the climax there is only 45sec till the end. : Happens very fast, quick resolution.  : resolves so fast that you can’t even think about it.  Star Wars IV (1977) : Director, George Lucas : How quickly things are resolved in the end. Hollywood’s 3 act structure. : Triumphant stories : Protagonist controls fate
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: Achieves success The Bicycle Thief (1949) : Director, Vittorio de Sica : Bicycle Thief Structure Zavanttini’s Neorealist Aesthetic 3. Rejection of the nappy ending Ex) The bicycle thief Let son go.  4. Basic story: : Characters vs. Uncontrollable forces. 3 Key Directors and 3 key films. 1. La Terra Trema (1948) : Director, Luchino Visconti 2. The Bicycle Thief  : Director, Vittorio de Sica From  My Voyage to Italy (1999) Director, Martin Scorsese - Cabiria (1913) - La Terra Trema (1948) - The Bicycle Thief (1949) - The Open City (1945) Director, Roberto Rossellini Question  : If this is the ‘New Realism’, what was the ‘Old’ or original Realism? Neorealism’s Antecedents 1. Soviet cinema 2. French ‘Poetic Realism’ e.g. Renoir’s  Toni (based on true tragic love story, realism) Neorealism;s Legacy 1. Exposed who was missing & neglected in mainstream cinema 2. Redefined screen realism. : Physically, studio will not substitute the reality.
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UGS303_Note03 - ItalianNeorealism :PostWWIIfilmmovement

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