UGS303_Note02 - 09.24.09 Eisensteins Aesthetic(=artistic...

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09.24.09 Eisenstein’s Aesthetic (=artistic strategy) 3. Expanded time at crucial moments a) Repeated action : For emotional emphasis at crucial moments) e. g. peacock’s tail feathers open 3-4 times/ door opens 3 times ex) The Battleship Potemkin (1925) : repeated falling of the women b) A flurry of vivid details : Because of increased number & frequency of shots, time is extended : Battleship Potemkin 1/2 the time of Birth of nation, but almost the same # of shots Psychologically, emotional time Longer than clock time 4. Collision of Opposites -shot to shot -elements within frame Problems w/ Eisenstein’s Dialectical Montage 1. Misreading 2. Pudovkin’s challenge V. I. Pudovkin (1893-1953) Montage = Linkage Book: Film Technique Relational Editing Function of Montage = to link common elements from shot to shot Legacy = many elements adopted, but not dialectical montage Pudovkin’s relational montage used extensively Ex) Chinatown (1974) d. Roman Polanski: relational editing Common: 1. Objects; watch 2. Shape; circle 3. Concept; time Ex) Malcolm X (1992) d. Spike Lee : Repeated action = Hug x 2 Ex) Russian Ark (2002) d. Alexander Sokurov Hollywood Montage : Compressed time in transitional sequence (0ften w/ music) to indicate the passage of time The Coming of Sound Sound-on-disk (dual system) -Image on film -Sound on disk Problems: 1. Length differential 2. Synchronization 3. Amplification German Tri-Ergon System (1919)
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Lee Deforest’s Phonofilm (1920) Sound-on-film (single system) - Image + sound on same system - Lee DeForest’s Audion Tube : Solves Problem #3 Hollywood’s Response Sound is: *fad *expense *marketing nightmare (language problem) 09.29.09 Warner Brothers : Vita phone (sound on disk) - Don Juan , d. Alan Crosland; music + sound effects only - The Jazz Singer (1927), d. Alan Crosland; starring Al Johnson COST : Industry = $300 million : Each Theater = $25000 Impact of Sound 1. Static camera, actors from unchained to “chained” camera and actors 2. Language = problem for : a) actors b) Marketing 3. Influx of NY stage a) Actors b) Writers 4. Big corporations take control of Hollywood 5. Film speed changes to 24 frames/sec 6. Sound redefines cinematic - Realism -acting - Melodrama Ex. Lights of NY(1928) ; First ‘100% All Talkie’ feature 1930s Comedy : A critique of the system 4 TYPES BASED ON: A. Comedy stratagem B. Nature of the critique Screwball Comedy 1. Investigates the war between the sexes 2. Character: 1. Fast paced combination of witty dialogue and slapstick 2.Relies on confusion and improbable situations 3. Romance: Clash of Opposites: -Male=conservative professional -Female confident, independent, free spirit.
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b. Male status quo is dull and humorless. Ex. Howard Hawks’ Bringing Up Baby (1938) Hawks’ Overlapping Dialogue Info Grant Grant Hepburn Comedy of Character 1. Create distinctive physical and verbal types : Look funny, talk funny, act funny 2.
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