UGS303_Note02 - 09.24.09 Eisensteins Aesthetic (=artistic...

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09.24.09 Eisenstein’s Aesthetic (=artistic strategy) 3. Expanded time at crucial moments a) Repeated action : For emotional emphasis at crucial moments) e. g. peacock’s tail feathers open 3-4 times/ door opens 3 times ex) The Battleship Potemkin (1925) : repeated falling of the women b) A flurry of vivid details : Because of increased number & frequency of shots, time is extended : Battleship Potemkin 1/2 the time of Birth of nation, but almost the same # of shots Psychologically, emotional time Longer than clock time 4. Collision of Opposites -shot to shot -elements within frame Problems w/ Eisenstein’s Dialectical Montage 1. Misreading 2. Pudovkin’s challenge V. I. Pudovkin (1893-1953) Montage = Linkage Book: Film Technique Relational Editing Function of Montage = to link common elements from shot to shot Legacy = many elements adopted, but not dialectical montage Pudovkin’s relational montage used extensively Ex) Chinatown (1974) d. Roman Polanski: relational editing Common: 1. Objects; watch 2. Shape; circle 3. Concept; time Ex) Malcolm X (1992) d. Spike Lee : Repeated action = Hug x 2 Ex) Russian Ark (2002) d. Alexander Sokurov Hollywood Montage : Compressed time in transitional sequence (0ften w/ music) to indicate the passage of time The Coming of Sound Sound-on-disk (dual system) -Image on film -Sound on disk Problems: 1. Length differential 2. Synchronization 3. Amplification German Tri-Ergon System (1919)
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Lee Deforest’s Phonofilm (1920) Sound-on-film (single system) - Image + sound on same system - Lee DeForest’s Audion Tube : Solves Problem #3 Hollywood’s Response Sound is: *fad *expense *marketing nightmare (language problem) 09.29.09 Warner Brothers : Vita phone (sound on disk) - Don Juan , d. Alan Crosland; music + sound effects only - The Jazz Singer (1927), d. Alan Crosland; starring Al Johnson COST : Industry = $300 million : Each Theater = $25000 Impact of Sound 1. Static camera, actors from unchained to “chained” camera and actors 2. Language = problem for : a) actors b) Marketing 3. Influx of NY stage a) Actors b) Writers 4. Big corporations take control of Hollywood 5. Film speed changes to 24 frames/sec 6. Sound redefines cinematic - Realism -acting - Melodrama Ex. Lights of NY(1928) ; First ‘100% All Talkie’ feature 1930s Comedy : A critique of the system 4 TYPES BASED ON: A. Comedy stratagem B. Nature of the critique Screwball Comedy 1. Investigates the war between the sexes 2. Character: 1. Fast paced combination of witty dialogue and slapstick 2.Relies on confusion and improbable situations 3. Romance: Clash of Opposites: -Male=conservative professional -Female confident, independent, free spirit.
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b. Male status quo is dull and humorless. Ex. Howard Hawks’ Bringing Up Baby (1938)
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2010 for the course UGS 65150 taught by Professor Berg during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas.

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UGS303_Note02 - 09.24.09 Eisensteins Aesthetic (=artistic...

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