Lecture 3 - October 2 2008 Comm 88 Lecture 3 The Research...

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October 2, 2008 Comm. 88 Lecture 3 The Research Process I. Goals of Scientific Research A. Description (surface level) 1. Describing how things are 2. What is going on 3. Look for social regularities of aggregates a. Patterns b. Generalities B. Explanation 1. Why things are the way they are 2. Develop understanding of WHY patterns exist (what causes what) C. Prediction 1. What will be 2. Predict outcomes given certain factors. b. Combine several variables to lead you to a good prediction. c. Better you can explain the better your prediction is (most but not always) 1. “If I know x, y, & z I can say you are likely to have a, b, 2. “Here is the likelihood” D. Science CANNOT settle questions of value !! 1. Cannot say whether it should happen 2. Whether it is moral 3. Science cannot explain or proof or disprove: a. Science is not helpful for politics because of morality and moral judgment. b.
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Lecture 3 - October 2 2008 Comm 88 Lecture 3 The Research...

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