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Perspectives Lecture November 6

Perspectives Lecture November 6 - object Members represent...

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Perspectives Lecture November 6, 2006 Concepts carry forward. What’s a group? 3 or more people (5-7 is best) Who interact over time Follow shared rules And are independent Groups and Teams Teams are groups with Differing and complementary human resources Strong sense of collective identity Groups and Rules Groups very quickly develop their own Regulative rules Constitutive rules External Factors may also determine a group’s rule for interactions. PTP: what external factors might influence a group’s shared rules? Goals Shared goals are characteristics of groups Individual goals may be in conflict with group goals, however… Integration of individual and group goals leads to better groups performances Types of task groups Project Teams Purpose : carry out a given task Members need expertise and diverse skills Individual knowledge is combined to accomplish the objective. Focus Groups Purpose : identify attitudes , preferences, responses toward a given
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Unformatted text preview: object . Members represent the target audience Led by a facilitator. Advisory Groups Purpose: develop recommendations for others decisions Members: may have expertise and/or represent diverse interests of viewpoints. Quality improvement teams (“quality circles”) Purpose: Increase or maintain the quality of an organization’s product of output. Members represent different levels and functions within the organization. Decision-making Groups Purpose : Make decisions on specific issues or questions Members must have knowledge specific to potential problems and implementation. Limitations of groups Time: groups take more time to work through problems Conformity pressures: • A majority may suppress an individual contribution or • The group may be dominated by an individual Potential Strengths • More resources • More thorough thinking • Heightened creativity • Enhanced commitment to decisions...
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