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Unformatted text preview: nguyen (jmn727) oldhomework 27 Turner (59070) 1 This print-out should have 14 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points One application of an RL circuit is the gen- eration of time-varying high-voltage from a low-voltage source, as shown in the figure. 3 H 14 1154 10 . 2 V S b a What is the current in the circuit a long time after the switch has been in position a ? Correct answer: 0 . 728571 A. Explanation: L R 2 R 1 E S b a Let : R 2 = 14 and E = 10 . 2 V . When the switch is at a , the circuit com- prises the battery, the inductor L , and the resistor R 2 . A long time after the switch has been in position a , the current is steady. This means that the inductor has no response to the current. In other words, the circuit can be considered as consisting of E and R 2 only, with the inductor reduced to a wire. In this case, the current is simply found by Ohms Law I = E R 2 = 10 . 2 V 14 = . 728571 A . 002 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points Now the switch is thrown quickly from a to b . Compute the initial voltage across the in- ductor. Correct answer: 850 . 971 V. Explanation: Let : R 1 = 1154 and I = 0 . 728571 A . When the switch is thrown from a to b , the current in the circuit is the current passing through R 2 , which was found in Part 1 to be . 728571 A . From Kirchhoffs Loop Law, the initial voltage across the inductor is equal to the initial voltage across R 1 and R 2 . So, we have V L = V R 1 + V R 2 = I R 1 + I R 2 = (0 . 728571 A) (1154 ) + (0 . 728571 A) (14 ) = 850 . 971 V . 003 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points How much time elapses before the voltage across the inductor drops to 11 V? Correct answer: 11 . 169 ms. Explanation: Let : L = 3 H and V L = 11 V . The voltage across an inductor is V L =- L dI dt . When the switch is at b , we are dealing with an RL circuit with an initial current I that decays as I = I e- t / . nguyen (jmn727) oldhomework 27 Turner (59070) 2 The time constant is = L R t = L R 1 + R 2 = 3 H 1154 + 14 = 0 . 00256849 s ....
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