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7 Minerals - Major and Trace for Life Minerals Water...

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Minerals Major and Trace – for Life Water Lecture 7 February 14, 2008 Dr. Hirsch
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Six Classes of Nutrients 1. Carbohydrate 2. Protein 3. Fat 4. Vitamins  5. Minerals  6. Water
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 The Minerals small, naturally occurring,  inorganic inorganic , chemical  elements Inorganic:  being or composed of matter other than  plant or animal serve as structural components and in many  vital processes in the body
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Major vs. Trace Major minerals LARGEr Quantities (>5g) Calcium Magnesium Phosphorous Sodium Potassium Chloride Sulfur Trace Minerals SMALLer Quantities (<5g) Iron Zinc Copper Fluoride Selenium Iodine Chromium Manganese Magnesium Molybdenum
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Mineral Functions Bone Health Blood Health Fluid Balance Energy Metabolism Antioxidant
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Minerals for: Bone Health Major minerals LARGEr  Quantities Calcium Magnesium Phosphorous Sodium Potassium Chloride Sulfur Trace Minerals SMALLer  Quantities Iron Zinc Copper Fluoride Selenium Iodine Chromium Vitamin D Vitamin K
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Bone Health and Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease 10 million Americans > 50 have osteoporosis 34 million at risk for developing osteoporosis direct care costs for osteoporotic fractures alone are  already up to $18 billion each year   by 2020, 50% of  American > 50 will be at risk for  fractures from osteoporosis and low bone mass http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2004pres/20041014.html A Report of the Surgeon General 
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Osteoporosis Adult bone loss A condition where  the bones become  fragile and porous http://www.nof.org/osteoporosis/bonehealth.htm Original source: Dempster, DW et. al. Bone and Mineral Research 1986; 1:15-21 Normal Bone Osteoporotic Bone
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008 Food & Health 400:104 Lecture 7 Bone Mass and Age Bone mass: Decreases with age Peaks around 30
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Depar t ment of Food Sci ence Lect ur e 7 – Febr uar y 14, 2008
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