9-25-Health behaviors-overheads

9-25-Health behaviors-overheads - SOC354K

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SOC 354K Part 2:  Health and Illness Behaviors / Health Professions Friday, 9/25 Health Behavior ( ) Objectives o Learn WHO definition of health o Learn about the “social construction of health” o Apply the social construction of health to the case of mental health o Learn about health behaviors – definition and dimensions o Understand how we can understand health behaviors o Macro factors o Micro factors o Be aware of other important concepts to know from the reading   World Health Organization Definition of Health Health is a state of complete physical, social, and mental well being. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be  able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the  environment. Therefore, health is seen as a  resource  for everyday life, not the  objective  of living.   Health is a  positive  concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.  (from the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, WHO, November 1986) Prerequisites for Health (WHO) The fundamental conditions and resources for health are: peace, shelter, education, food,
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income, a stable eco-system, sustainable resources, social justice, and  equity. Improvement in health requires a secure foundation in these basic prerequisites.  By these standards, how would you say that the US is doing in providing an environment in which people  can attain health? Social Construction of Health:  The Case of Mental Illness Definition :  “Social constructionism refers to the view that scientific knowledge and biological discourses about  the body, health, and illness are produced through subjective, historically determined human interests, and 
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9-25-Health behaviors-overheads - SOC354K

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