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Running Head: POLICY ANALYSIS AND TESTIMONY1Policy Analysis and TestimonyRamkumar ShastriSouthern New Hampshire UniversityIHP 501 Global Health and DiversityJuly 28, 2019
2POLICY ANALYSIS AND TESTIMONY Policy Analysis and TestimonyPolicy Proposal and InterviewThe advancement in technologies and innovation is rapidly transforming healthcare. Healthcare informatics plays a vital role in improving healthcare outcome. The U.S. National Library of Medicine defines healthcare informatics as “the interdisciplinary study of the design development, adoption and application of IT-based innovations in healthcare services delivery, management, and planning (Kramer, 2012). Healthcare facilities use health informatics to organize and analyze patient’s health records.The biggest invention in the healthcare informatics was the Electronic Medical Record (EMR). The development of computers in 1960 changed the landscape of healthcare because maintaining electronic health records was possible and the Electronic Health Records (EHR) wasintroduced in the 2000s (Palgon, 2017). “EHR is an electronic version of a patient’s medical history, that is maintained by the provider over time, and may include all of the key administrative clinical data relevant to that person’s care under a particular provider, including demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data and radiology reports” (CMS.gov, 2012).Health informatics provides a way to help having access to medical information availableanytime, anywhere. Physicians and patients have information available to them whenever and however they want. Having information readily available anywhere has its draw backs like a possibility for an unauthorized person to access someone else’s medical records. Protecting the patient’s information is very important and it is an upmost priority of healthcare facilities. In 1996, The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was introduced to protect patient’s medical information. HIPAA is called the privacy rule and it is protecting the
3POLICY ANALYSIS AND TESTIMONY security and confidentiality of health information (Green & Bowie, 2016). HIPPA is the first federal protection for the privacy of patient’s health information. “The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) required the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to develop regulations protecting the privacy and security of certain health information” (HHS.gov, 2013). The HHS established two standards called the HIPPA Privacy Rule and the HIPPA Security Rule. Both, Security and Privacy Rules go hand in hand. The Privacy rule requires appropriate safeguards to protect the privacy of personal health information, and it has limitations and conditions on how the information is used and disclosed without patient authorization (HHS.gov, 2013). It also gives patients the right to control the use