Anth 146 Notes 8.27

Anth 146 Notes 8.27 - Q uestion: What is a human being?...

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Question: What is a human being? Look at the ethnography of a people that tell us they are not only human, but also birds Bororo Indians from Central Brazil o Hunters and gatherers o Live in villages - divided in half, then halves, then halves - the largest is a tribe (bororo), then villages, then so on, ending with clans, clans divide into lineages (group that defines itself in terms of only one ancestral line) so - mother = matroliniages, father = patriliniages o Dealing with Matroliniages Identity depends on mother's descent Kinship Organization o Every Bororo takes name from their matroclan - basic name, social identity that each person has comes from the mother's clan o Clans are Exogamous - meaning when you get married you have to take a spouse from an opposing clan (no spouse from within your own clan) Endogomy - means you marry into your group (not applicable in this case) o All clans have "totems" which is some sort of entity (plant, animal, mountain, etc) that is intimately associated with the clan (such as sports team names - Tar Heel, Blue Devil) The emblam of the clan is the totem
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Anth 146 Notes 8.27 - Q uestion: What is a human being?...

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