Bororo- non-dualism. Mind and body are not entirely separated, they overlap. The Bororo do not see
themselves as parrots in the sense of beaks and feathers, but rather in the sense of being good-spirited,
brightly colored, near water. Men depend on women, as good depends on bad…men stand to spirit in the
same way that parrots do.
Descartes- DUALISM-mind and body are mutually exclusive of each other. He turns inward to find truth
(can’t be sure of bodily existence). He wants certainty. Believes in God, doubts perfection, body is
imperfection…knows that for there to be perfection, there has to be imperfection. God is perfect. Turns
away from senses, uncertainty, externality, body and material to reason, certainty, internal, perfection,
mindfulness, and spirituality. Cant doubt that he’s thinking (or doubting)
Psychotherapy- college student asks questions to therapist about marriage, family, etc. Therapist answers
“no” to every question. Dualistic example-student turns inward and answers questions by himself and
realizes through his own rationality, he had answers all along-truth comes from inside (Descartes). Iching
is diff b/c truth comes from outside (clear your mind of all pre-set notions), student was thinking about
past relations and happenings to come to conclusions. But similar to Iching b/c answers are pre-
determined and they have to be interpreted, no real processing-come to same conclusion.
Carl Jung- causation vs. synchronicity. Synchronicity- not cause and effect, all together.
Iching- orient and self-reflection. “Book of Change,” ask it questions and it gives insight that enables you
to make decisions. Uses hexagrams. Iching is duality- elements are all in relation with each