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Soci 101 Notes 11.9

Soci 101 Notes 11.9 - Are disproportionately minority...

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White privilege - not responsible for their race, don’t have to speak for their race Institutional racism - the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals/groups that results from the normal operation of society Built into the normal operation - discrimination is the status quo Affirmative action - preferences given to minority students Compensating for past discrimination/increase diversity In college admissions, there is something known as legacy If your father/mother is an alumni, you get preferential treatment in enrollment to the school Institutional Discrimination: In admission to colleges, they look at… Scores Grades Race Extracurriculars Location Essays AP/honors All of which are contingent on where you went to school - where you go to school is dependent on the neighborhood you live in, meaning more/less funding Work Leave Hours - have discriminatory effect on single-parent households
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Unformatted text preview: Are disproportionately minority Effect is racism - affects certain groups more than others Height requirements for certain positions Asians tend to be shorter Immigrants tend to be shorter/less healthy Residential segregation Measured through the use of the "Index of Dissimilarity" 0 is perfect integration 100 is complete segregation Look at distribution of racial groups - what percentage of this city is White, Black, Hispanic, Asian? Do they live in homogeneous environments that are segregated? Then high score Greater than 60 is high level of segregation % is what percent would have to move to have perfect integration 1950 2000 Atlanta 83% 62% Detroit 81% 82% Memphis 65% 66% Why does residential segregation exist? Differences in income -Personal preference - people like to live with people like them...
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