Focus on Encoding

Focus on Encoding - II. Focus on Encoding A. Effortful vs....

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II. Focus on Encoding A. Effortful vs. automatic encoding Some info gets encoded without any effort - Automatic encoding Some info we have to work hard to remember - Effortful encoding B. Improving encoding requires effort 1. Attention - pay attention - in order for something to make from sensory memory into short term to go long term, we must pay attention and focus Attention is finite: there is a restriction to how much attention we can pay at once - does not expand as we multitask 2. Rehearsal - repetition - usually we need to think about material more than once to really memorize it and be able to retrieve it later on Overlearning - continue memorizing it even if you believe you have it encoded in long-term memory; will improve memory if item Massed rehearsal vs. distributed rehearsal - massed is cramming, distributed is over time - distributed is much better when same # hours studied Graph of distributed practice and long-term retention - use on paper! 3.
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Focus on Encoding - II. Focus on Encoding A. Effortful vs....

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