Memory Overview

Memory Overview - term memory All about activating the...

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Memory I. Overview of the Memory System Megacognition - understanding your own thought processes 1. Memory Stores - How much? (Capacity?) How Long? (Duration?) 1. Sensory memory - Very large capacity, very short duration (1/4 second) - a lot of information hits it, most of it is lost Use selective attention to bring into longer-term memory 1. Short-term memory - capacity: small, 7 +- 2 chunks of info Duration: short, 20-30 seconds without any effort - working memory 1. Long-term memory - Capacity (very large) Duration (very long) -essentially unlimited - no one has hit limit (no room left in memory) -permanent (lasts as long as you want it to) -memories not complete or photographic - very fragmented, but have all fragments in long-
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Unformatted text preview: term memory All about activating the right fragments to reconstruct the information Information is in fragments connected in semantic networks - retrieving is about activating the network 1. Memory Processes 1. Encoding - Input; transferring information into memory - having things happen to activate neurons, bring things into memory system 2. Storage - maintaining; keeping information in memory - 3. Retrieval - Output; getting information out of Long-term memory 1. Atkinson and Shiffrin Model of Memory (Figure 7.6 on page 209) Storage within long-term memory maintains memory...
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Memory Overview - term memory All about activating the...

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