Operant Conditioning

Operant Conditioning - Operant Conditioning 1 2 Relies on...

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Operant Conditioning 1. Relies on an association between a response and a consequence 2. Applies to complex, voluntary behaviors - behavior is affected by its consequences A. Two main principles of operant conditioning - Thorndike's puzzle box = a puzzle in order to figure out how to escape the closed box - put cat in box and put dish of food outside the box, so cat had motivation to get out of the box Law of effect: if a behavior is followed by something satisfying, then the behavior is stamped in and is much more likely to be done again in the future Skinner Box - what sorts of things can be done to change the animal's behavior - pigeons and rats Behavior followed by satisfying consequences will encourage behavior 3. Reinforcement: R (behavior) S (stimulus) R (repeated or increased) 4. Punishment: R (behavior) S (consequence) no R or decreased R (if weakened, then punishment) B. Two types of reinforcement 5. Positive reinforcement: the consequence is added after R R +S R Example: study receive a good grade study again
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