Heifer International and Sustainability in Honduras

Heifer International and Sustainability in Honduras -...

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Indigenous Peoples have fought for centuries against genocide, displacement, colonization, and forced assimilation. Indigenous communities are among the poorest & most marginalized in the world, alienated from state politics, & disenfranchised by governments.
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Indigenous Population at Contact (c1550) between 12 & 90 million Advanced technologies Sophisticated Agricultural Systems Densely Populated Settlements Perhaps 5,000 Native American groups at Encounter in S. America, and 100s more in Mexico & Central America TODAY = 33 - 40 mil. indigenous people live in Latin America & the Caribbean (est.) Approximately 400 indigenous groups today – (languages, social organizations, economies, & modes of production adapted to their ecosystems)
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Impact of Colonization on Indian Populations Within 150 years after Contact (about 1650) there was a massive decline in the number of Indians in Latin America. About 90-95% of all indigenous populations were gone Indigenous Agricultural Systems Dismantled Diseases Introduced (accidentally & deliberately Indian Populations were Relocated Push to Forcibly Assimilate Indigenous People Indian Populations were Killed
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Race, Class, Race, Class, Race, Class Gente decente - Spaniards Civilizada Gente de razon Resided in urban areas White collar jobs Spanish-speaking Ate wheat & animals Catholic Naturales – indigenous Small-scale subsistence farmers Predominantly rural (but migration to cities increasing) Indian language speaking Barefoot / Sandals Ate tubers or other native crops Woven shawls, vests, hats, belts… How did the Mistreatment, Abuse, and General Neglect of Indians in Latin America begin? Virtually at CONTACT – late 1400s
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Marginalization of Indigenous In Latin America Latin America ‘marginalized’ by the US & other developed nations (LDC & MDC)
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