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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LANEY COLLEGE CHEM 12A Chapter 3 Learning Objectives and Terminology Provide a detailed description of alkanes - the simplest of organic compounds – which includes unambiguous names, bonding, condensed formulas, and with hand drawn models (line-angle drawings) and with molecular models. Some common names are use Explain the trend in mp and bp of alkanes in terms of molecular mass and attractive van der Waal (London dispersion) forces. Remember that the first four members of the alkanes (up to butane) are gases at room temperature. The rest are liquids. Solid alkanes are present only with very large numbers of carbons (≥20). Most light hydrocarbons are used as fuels. The different classifications are based on the range of the number of carbons. Apply the basic principles of substitutive nomenclature (IUPAC) to the naming of simple and branched alkane hydrocarbons and cycloalkanes. Some common names are use for simple hydrocarbons, such as isobutane or neopentane, however IUPAC naming is always unambiguous.
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