Lecture 14 - WINES WITH BUBBLES WINES CHAMPAGNE & SPARKLING...

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WINES WITH BUBBLES WINES WITH BUBBLES LEC 14 LEC 14 PRODUCTION METHODS GRAPES VINEYARD DIFFERENCES TEN PRODUCTION STEPS STYLES WW GROWING REGIONS
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“In success you deserve it and in defeat, you need it." Winston Churchill WINES WITH BUBBLES WINES WITH BUBBLES about Champagne
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PRODUCTION PRODUCTION THREE MAIN METHODS THREE MAIN METHODS Method Champenoise (aka “method Traditionelle”) Transfer Method Charmat Process
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GRAPES GRAPES THREE TRADITIONAL VARIETALS THREE TRADITIONAL VARIETALS Harvested Early Harvested Early Pinot noir Pinot noir - structure & body - complex aroma profile Chardonnay Chardonnay - lightness & finesse - aging capacity - firm acidity Pinot Pinot Meunier Meunier - later bud break - bright boquet - age rapidly
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CLIMATE CLIMATE REGION I (<2500) IS BEST REGION I (<2500) IS BEST Tier – Germany 1700 Riems – France 1820 Salem – Oregon 2030 Beaune – France 2300 Carneros – California 2465 Yakima – Washington 2600
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GRAPES FOR SPARKLING WINE GRAPES FOR SPARKLING WINE Vineyard Comparisons: Washington State Vineyard Comparisons: Washington State Columbia Crest Canoe Ridge Heily JMST Varity: Chardonnay Chardonnay Chardonnay Chardonnay Year Planted: 1990 1992 1984 1997 Density: 807 807 726 807 Training System: 2X Unilateral 2X Unilateral Unilateral Bilateral & Unilateral Trellis System: 3 Wire Vert. 3 Wire Vert. 2 Wire Vert. VSP Irrigation : Drip Drip Drip Drip Clone : 6? 6 or 15? 6? 6 or 15? Soil: Quincy Sandy Loam Quincy Sandy Loam Silt Loam, Loam Silt Loam Elevation (ft) : 545 - 600 475 - 530 1425 - 1510 1675 - 1755 Slope: South South South East Heat Units: 3091 3324 ~ 1942 ~ 3352 AVA: HHH HHH Columbia Valley Columbia Valley
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Cool Climate - enhanced ester formation during fermentation - suppresses tannins - firm acidity Manual Harvesting is best White and red grapes champagne White Blancs de blanc Champagne Red and White pink and red Champagne
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2010 for the course CHEM 80H taught by Professor Crews during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Santa Cruz.

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Lecture 14 - WINES WITH BUBBLES WINES CHAMPAGNE & SPARKLING...

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