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Language Comprehension s08p - EXP 3604 Language Language...

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EXP 3604 Language
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Language What constitutes human language? Is regular : governed by a system of rules Is productive : can express infinite number of things Is symbolic : units form words and stand for objects Is arbitrary : no resemblance between word and referent Is discrete : can be divided into recognizable parts
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Language Does language = communication?
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Structure of Language Phonology Combinations of speech sounds (phonemes) Morphology Combination of sounds into units of meaning (morphemes) Syntax Sequencing of words within sentences
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Structure of Language Semantics Meanings of words and sentences Independent of syntax Pragmatics Knowledge of social rules underlying language use
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Speech Perception Characteristics Very fast & very complex Perception of speech is categorical Variability in phoneme pronunciation
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Speech Perception Characteristics Phonemes differ, depending on context BABY BOOZE BUNNY
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Speech Perception Characteristics Speech is continuous I LOVE COG NITIVE PSY CHOLO GY http://www.kissthisguy.com/
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Speech Perception Phonemic restoration effect Context allows listeners to fill in missing sounds Warren (1970): Played a sentence with a sound omitted and replaced with a cough “The state governors met with their respective legi*latures convening in the capital city” Results: 95% did not notice a missing sound
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Phonemic restoration effect Warren & Warren (1970): Played a spliced sentence with a different final word "It was found that the *eel was on the
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