Ancient Cyprus Study Guide

Ancient Cyprus Study Guide - Ancient Cyprus Study Guide...

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Ancient Cyprus Study Guide Site Identifications : Nitovikla o end of Middle Cypriot III LCIIA2-IIB o northern fortress, near Anatolia; high up on a hill o found pottery, bones near heart, no Mycenaean ware o purpose: protection against Egyptian pharaoh and pirates Toumba tou Skourou o o pottery site, found kiln, pithoi, near water channels – used for pottery making? o industrial site- large scale production of pottery versus local production Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios o Vasilikos River Valley, southern coast of Cyprus o 14 th -13 th century BCE site dating; settle dating to LCII o site seemed to be self-sufficient economic and political unit – olive could have been exported, imports found, elite class evident, abandonment in 1200 BC, building 10 destroyed by fire Alassa o LCIIC – LCIIIA; near mountains o large settlement, homes built along street o evidence of cult activity – bull figurines, fine objects o continuity and prosperity indicative of burials, architecture, cult activity, and expansion o evidence of Aegean influence o place of importance/seat of regional administration (Sophocles) – though not a lot of copper found Katydhata o MCI-LCIIIA o Prosperous mining town; 5 miles from north coast of Cyprus (middle men traders for trading) o Living city over ancient site o copper production allowed for long sustainability of this town; had a river, fertile growing regions, copper specialization and trade contributed to longevity
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o geographical position was key factor in trade Apliki Karamallos o 1300 BC o Apliki is on slopes of Troodos foothills, coast of Marathasa River – area is copper rich o burned down in LCIIIA o several seals found in Apliki area but not in Enkomi, suggests that Alashiya may have been in Apliki o this site was one of the earliest LBA mining site found in district; located on copper vein in area, Roman mines veil more ancient mining operations; evidence of mining at end of LC IIB Politiko Phorades o in the middle of Cyprus o 1700-1500 BCE o Next to creek bed o Primary copper smelting site! Kition o northern end of site; to alleviate entire site of copper smelting fumes, it was placed at northern portion o Enkomi comparisons: metalworking areas, locations of smelting sites (northern), technology of furnaces similar, worship of twin gods (thought to be the protectors of copper industry) o Kition thought to have twin temples – direct connection to copper workshops o major smelting occurred at or near mining sites; secondary processing occurred at urban centers during religious control; metal smiths developed high levels of knowledge and skills to work and manipulate different ores Cypriot Seals o approx. 1, 000 cylinder and stamp seals in record o functions: symbols of authority, tools of control, votive offering, items of prestige
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o cylinder seals: wooden and stone o stamp seals: conoid and tabloid
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Ancient Cyprus Study Guide - Ancient Cyprus Study Guide...

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