Classical Mythology 2 Study Guide

Classical Mythology 2 Study Guide - Classical Mythology 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Classical Mythology 2 Study Guide Homeric Hymn to Hermes, pp. 94-122 Olympians: Aphrodite Hera, Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Zeus Athena Artemis & Apollo Hephaistos He rmes Dionysus (Heracles) Hermes Birth o Mt. Kyllene (cave) Middle of nowhere so Hera doesnt find out o Maia and Zeus got together o Bastard son o Maia is Atlass daughter Personal Level vs. Society Level o Need stability and change When New gods come, change was added with the addition of new gods Myth of Hermes o Homeric Hymns (song of praise) o Written in Homers Style o Hymns to Hermes, Dionysis Talk about the beginning of gods Main Elements of the Story o Lyre: hollow box made from a tortoise shell/strings (like a banjo) Makes the turtle sing Takes it out of his shell Tells the turtle he can die but be talked about forever Steals the cattle of Apollo Apollo cant find them because the cattle walk backwards o Sandal: disguises his feet o Matchsticks: to sacrifice the cattle Takes two cattle and sacrifices them to the gods Divides the cattle into twelve proportions Hermes doesnt eat it but wants to Gods dont eat meat o Panpipes: anyone can pick them up and play them The End o In the fields and country side from the indoors (Initiation) o Olympian from a boy o Apollo bursts in to find the catle in a cave o Hermes slips in the key hole in swaddling clothes o Apollo picks him up, Hermes burps and farts They both go up to Mt. Olympus for a t rial Zeus is proud of him because he is so cunning Fortune goes to the brave Zeus was born in Crete in a cave Tells them to sort it out themselves Negotiation o Hermes gives Apollo the lyre o Gets Apollo angry to catch Zeus attention Songs o 1 st song: song about his birth (love of Zeus and Maia) o 2 nd song: singing when he gives Apollo the lyre (singing of the Theogony) Main Points o Redefining Apollos place (cattle) o Further define to find Hermes place (lyre) o Negotiations and trade Hermes takes an oath Hermes gets the bee oracle Bees and salts were important Honey and society o Cleans up disorder Apollo should not have been the leader of cattle o Universe is in order Hermes Essentially: god of from here to there Etimology: Herma pile of stones o trails are marked with piles of stone juncture crossroads god of boundaries limits of civilization peole who live at the edges messenger gods protects boundaries o Psychopomp: Hermes guides souls to Hades Psycho: soul Pomp: leader Thieves god, trickstor o Mercury Merx: commerce, seller God of grocers and retailers Prometheus vs. Hermes o Men in the middle o Searching for a place o Associated with sacrifice o Alternative story from Hesiod Sung by somebody t ricky After Hesiod Hermes wins Prometheus lost (Zeus reaction) birth: Maia, daughter of Atlas; M t. Kyllene inventions: lyre, sandals, matchsticks, pan-pipes, sacrifice...
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Classical Mythology 2 Study Guide - Classical Mythology 2...

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