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Lessons in Latin - Lessons in Latin Conjugating Verbs o 1st...

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Lessons in Latin Conjugating Verbs o 1 st and 2 nd conjugation Present Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus -re o STEMS: ō or m s t mus tis nt o Example: Amās : you love Present Imperative : Singular: Stem o Example: Amā: Love! Plural: Stem + te o Example: Amāte: Love! (pl.) Imperfect Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Also add “bā” o Example: Amābās: you kept loving Future Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Also add bo, bi, bi, bi, bi, bu o Example: Amābis: You will love o 3 rd conjugation Present Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Change the short e to an “i”, “o”, or “u” o STEMS: ō or m s t mus tis nt o Example: discis: you learn Present Imperative : Singular: Stem o Example: disce: Learn!
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Plural: Stem + ite o Example: discite: Learn! (pl.) Imperfect Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Add “bā” Add “ē” before the tense marker o Example: discēbās: you kept learning Future Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Add “ē” or “a” o Example: discēs: You will learn o 4 th conjugation Present Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Add “u” in front of -nt o STEMS: ō or m s t mus tis nt o Example: audīs: you hear Present Imperative : Singular: Stem o Example: audī: Hear! Plural: Stem + te o Example: audīte: Hear! (pl.) Imperfect Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Add “bā” Add “ē” before the tense marker o Example: audiēbās: you kept hearing Future Indicative : Add stem to the second principal part minus –re Add “ē” or “a” o Example: audiēs: You will hear o All conjugations in Perfect System Perfect Active Indicative: Add stem to the third principal part minus –ī
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o STEMS: Ī Istī It Imus Istis Ērunt o Example: Laudavistī: You praised Pluperfect Active Indicative: Add stem to the third principal part minus –ī Add tense marker: erā o Example: Laudaverās: You had praised Future Perfect Active Indicative: Add stem to the third principal part minus –ī Add tense marker: eri o Example: Laudaveris: I will have praised o Possum, and Sum Sum, esse, fuī, futurum : to be Present Indicative : o Sum o Es o Est o Sumus o Estis o Sunt Imperfect Indicative: o Eram o Erās o Erat o Erāmus o Erātis o Erant Furture Indicative: o Erō o Eris o Erit o Erimus o Eritis o Erunt Possum, posse, potuī: to be able Present Indicative : o Possum o Potes o Potest o Possumus o Potestis o Possunt Imperfect Indicative :
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o Poteram o Poterās o Poterat o Poterāmus o Poterātis o Poterant Future Indicative : o Poterō o Poteris o Poterit
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