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Unformatted text preview: 11. One ATP is required for the addition of each nucleotide by DNA polymerase Short Answers 1. Discuss the differences between the structure of RNA and DNA. 2. Why is guanine oxidation harmful? 3. What are genes, genomes and the genetic code? 4. Draw one cycle of the polymerase chain reaction. 5. Briefly discuss (in 3-4 sentences each) three uses of the polymerase chain reaction. 6. What are the features of a eukaryotic gene and why are they important? 7. Draw the life cycle of the AIDS/HIV virus. Name two potential targets for anti-viral drugs and explain why they are attractive targets. 8. Explain why methotrexate can be used as an anti-cancer drug. 9. Draw the Central Dogma as conceived originally by Francis Crick. What new advance has changed Cricks original Central Dogma scheme? 10. Discuss the similarities and differences between DNA Topoisomerase I and II...
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