{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

slide2 - C’s Name Mol Formula Simple Structural Formula 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Where We Are Going Today xrhombus Chapter 2 –Structure and Reactivity; Alkanes Thermodynamics Kinetics Arrhenius Equation Acids and Bases Lewis Acids and Bases Electrophiles and Nucleophiles Functional Groups Alkanes Isomers Nomenclature of Organic compounds Types of Carbon and Hydrogen Atoms Structural and Physical Properties Conformations of Acyclic Molecules
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A Typical Reaction Coordinate – Energy Graph xrhombus Illustrated for the combustion of paper
Image of page 2
IUPAC Nomenclature Rules 1. Find the longest carbon chain and name it 2. Name all the groups attached to the longest carbon chain as “alkyl groups” 3. Number the longest carbon chain beginning at the end closest to a substituent 4. Write the name according to: Substituents groups (alphabetically) -parent name -suffix These rules generally apply to a variety of nomenclature situations (more later).
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Parent Straight Chain Alkanes # C’s Name Mol Formula
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: # C’s Name Mol Formula Simple Structural Formula 1 Methane CH 4 CH 4 2 Ethane C 2 H 6 CH 3 CH 3 3 Propane C 3 H 8 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 4 Butane C 4 H 10 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 entane 2 H H H H H x Alkanes follow the general molecular formula C n H 2n+2 5 Pentane C 5 H 12 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 6 Hexane C 6 H 14 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 7 Heptane C 7 H 16 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 5 CH 3 8 Octane C 8 H 18 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 6 CH 3 9 Nonane C 9 H 20 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH 3 10 Decane C 10 H 22 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8 CH 3 The Energy of Ethane as a Function of Conformation H H H C H H H E x The most favorable conformation is generally the one in which the atoms are as far apart as possible H H H C H H H H H H C H H H Torsion Angle E a = 2.9 kcal/mol The Conformations of Propane H H H C CH 3 H H H H H C CH 3 H H H H H C CH 3 H H E Torsion Angle E a = 3.2 kcal/mol...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}