Chapter 6 Notes 9-30-09 - Chapter 6 Learning Learning...

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Chapter 6 Learning
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Learning The definition of Learning is: a relatively  permanent  change in behavior due to experience.  it is the process of  acquiring  knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values,  through our experience, research, or teaching, that causes a  change  of  behavior that is measurable learning involves changing our behavior in response to  experience How we respond to the environment (that’s called  classical  conditioning)  How we act in the environment (that’s called  operant  conditioning) How we observe the environment (that’s called  observational  learning)
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Behaviorists  are psychologists who insist that psychologists should  study  only  observable, measurable behaviors,  not  mental processes.   Methodological behaviorism Methodological behaviorists study only events that they can  __measure___  and  observe. They sometimes use those observations to make inferences about  internal  events. Radical behaviorists  believe that internal states are  caused  by events in the  environment, or by genetics. The ultimate cause of behavior is observable  events, not internal states. The rise of behaviorism Jacques Loeb argued that all animal and most human behavior could be explained with stimulus-response psychology . Stimulus-response psychology attempts to explain behavior in terms of how each stimulus triggers a ___response_____ . Determinism - an assumption that all behavior has a cause and effect The assumptions of behaviorism If enough is known about an individual’s experiences, influences, and genetics, we can ___predict___ that individual’s behavior.
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Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov was a physiologist who won a Nobel Prize for his research on digestion. He is the Founder of __classical___ Conditioning Figure 6.2 Pavlov used dogs for his experiments on classical conditioning and salivation. The experimenter rings a buzzer (CS), presents food (UCS), and measures the responses (CR and UCR). Pavlov collected saliva with a simple measuring pouch attached to the dog’s cheek. In his famous experiment , the classic  example of classic conditioning is a dog's  ability to associate the  __sound_ of a  bell (something that originally has no  meaning to the dog) with the  presentation   of food (something that has a lot of  meaning for the dog) a few moments later. 
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Purpose of Experiment For the first time, scientists could research human  learning   by the associations 
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