Chapter 7 Notes 10-6-09

Chapter 7 Notes 10-6-09 - Chapter 7 Memory Memory

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Chapter 7 Memory
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Memory Memory is a general term for the storage, retention and recall of events,  information and procedures. Memory is a process by which we store and  retrieve ___information___. The key to using your memory is that your __brain__ never loses anything.  Once a perception or thought is place into your memory, it stays there  forever.  What we call __forgetting__ is either the inability to recall stored info, or  the failure to store info. Once info is stored in memory, it is never  forgotten. 
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Hermann Ebbinghaus’s Pioneering Studies of Memory Hermann Ebbinghaus studied his own ability to memorize new material He invented over 2300 _____________________syllables and put them into random lists. Lists and serial-order effects We tend remember the beginning and end of a list of related items better than the middle. • The primacy effect • The recency effect Meaningfulness and distinctiveness Von Restorff effect
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Figure 7.1 Figure 7.1 Hermann Ebbinghaus pioneered the scientific study of memory by observing his own capacity for memorizing lists of nonsense syllables.
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Table 7.1 Table 7.1 The difference between recall and cued recall
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Dependence of memory on the method of testing Recall (or free recall) - It is a memory task in which the individual must reproduce material from memory without __cue__. Retrieval Cues - Reminders or ___hints_ that help us to retrieve information from long-term memory Cued recall gives the person being tested significant hints about the correct __answer___. Recognition requires the person being tested to ____identify____ the correct item from a list of choices. The savings (relearning) method compares the ___speed___ at which someone relearns material against learning something new. Explicit memory –is your ability to _retain___ info that you’ve put real effort into learning Implicit or indirect memory - is your ability to remember info you did _not_deliberately try to learn, that you did not know exists. Declarative memory
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:101 taught by Professor Garybrill during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter 7 Notes 10-6-09 - Chapter 7 Memory Memory

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